What is Tort Law?

A tort is a civil case in which one party alleges that another caused physical or emotional harm. Tort cases can take many different forms and often relate to a person’s safety, personal property or financial security. Common torts relating to accident and injury include assault or battery cases, and negligence cases in which one party alleges that another party breached their duty of exercising reasonable care.

A tort is an act or omission that gives rise to injury or harm to another and amounts to a civil wrong for which courts impose liability. In the context, of torts, “injury” describes the invasion of any legal right, whereas “harm” describes a loss or detriment in fact that an individual suffers.

The primary aim of tort law is to provide parties with relief for harm caused by others, impose liability on parties responsible for the harm, and deter persons from committing harmful acts. Torts can shift the burden of loss from the injured party to the party who is at fault or better suited to bear the burden of the loss. Torts can be divided into three categories: (1) intentional torts (such as intentionally hitting a person); (2) negligent torts (such as causing an accident by failing to obey traffic rules); and (3) strict liability torts (such as liability for making and selling defect products).  There are numerous specific torts, including: trespass, assault, battery, negligence, products liability, intentional infliction of emotional distress, nuisance, defamation, and invasion of privacy.

Tort law is an expansive area of law that covers many different types of injuries and violations, may vary by state and can be very complicated.  Each state has their own tort laws based on their common law. If you have questions regarding tort law or a potential case, contact the attorneys at Tishkoff, located in downtown Ann Arbor, Michigan.  Contact information is available at Tishkoff’s web site: https://tish.law/.  Stay in touch with Tishkoff: http://bit.ly/TishkoffPLC

 

Sources: 

https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/tort

https://www.dictionary.com/